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Car Security and Convenience / Alarm Sensors and Triggers

Alarm Sensors & Triggers:
Single Stage Sensors
Dual Stage Sensors
Door Triggers / Pin Switches

Car Security:
Basic Connections (inputs)
Basic Connections (outputs)
Car Alarm Modules
Car Alarm Sensors / Triggers
Door Locks
Light Flash / Illuminated Entry
Starter Interrupts
Accessories & Add-ons
the12volt's Application Guide
the12volt's Install Bay


top of page Single Stage Sensors
Common 3 Wire
Many aftermarket electronic sensors, including but not limited to, impact, glass, radar, etc., have only three wires to connect if they don't plug directly into the alarm itself. Others including dual stage sensors do have more , but this will relate to most of them.
  • Connect the ground wire to a clean and solid chassis ground.
  • Connect the power wire to a constant (+) 12 VDC source.
  • Third, connect the (-) output of the sensor to an available (-) inuput of the alarm. If all inputs are in use by other triggers, use diodes to connect more than one device / trigger to one input of the alarm as shown above.
  • Note: if you are installing any type of vibration or glass breakage detector with a remote start you will need to bypass the output of this sensor while the vehicle is running by remote. If the remote start does not have an on board relay for this, connect the output wire of the sensor(s) to terminal #87a of an SPDT relay and connect terminal #30 to the input of the alarm. Connect the "(-) sensor bypass output" of the remote start to terminal #85, and connect terminal #86 to a constant (+) 12 VDC source.

    top of page Dual Stage Sensors
    Proprietary
    As with many 3 wire electronic sensors, most proprietary dual stage sensors plug directly into the alarms. If not, each installation will vary depending on the sensor and alarm. You should first read the manuals that come with each of these.

    Possible Solution
    If your manuals were of no help, you may want to try this if the alarm does not have a pre-warn input or a port to plug the sensor into it, and these inputs and outputs correspond to the components you are installing as shown below.

    Please note this will not work with all alarms and dual stage sensors. Some sensors will not supply enough current to energize the coil of a relay. Some may not have an output that is long enough nor an adjustment to control the duration of the output. Pay close attention to the placement of the diodes.
    dual stage sensor

    top of page Door Triggers / Pin Switches
    Door Triggers
    Pin switches rarely need to be added to protect the doors of a vehicle. But when they do, try installing a factory switch instead of an aftermarket one on the vehicles that have a preexisting hole. The time saved is usually worth the added cost of the switch.

    On some vehicles, tying into the door triggers is as simple as connecting to the wire of the dome lamp that changes from (+) 12 VDC to ground, or vice-versa on Fords, when any door is opened. However, some vehicles have a dome lamp delay and/or an auto off feature. On many of these, you will want to locate the trigger wire(s) that will show either ground or (+) 12VDC when each door is opened, that is not affected by the dome lamp being on or off.

    On the vehicles that have two separate (-) door triggers that are isolated from each other, most commonly found on newer GM vehicles, you will need to use two 1 amp blocking diodes for all doors to trigger the alarm.. One trigger is for the driver's door and the second is for the rest of the doors. If you were just to connect to one of these and not both, one or more doors of the vehicle would not be protected by the alarm. If you were to tie each of these together without the blocking diodes, some features of the vehicle will no longer function properly. Below is an example of connecting them to one alarm trigger.

    If you need to isolate two (+) positive door triggers, simply reverse the position of the blocking diodes, facing the anode sides towards the door triggers and the cathode sides towards the alarm. 


    This diagram would also apply to connecting the (-) outputs of two sensors, such as a glass mic and an impact sensor, to one input of an alarm.
    Isolating Negative Door Triggers Isolating Positive Door Triggers
    Hood Pins
    For hood pins, stay away from any area that will be exposed to water. This may be the easiest place to mount it many times, but is definitly the worst place to do so. Instead use a bracket that can be mounted to the firewall or some other solid and dry location. The same would obviously apply to installing pin switches in the trunk. Don't forget to ground the base of the switch when mounting to a non grounded part of the vehicle.


    Alarm Sensors & Triggers:
    Single Stage Sensors
    Dual Stage Sensors
    Door Triggers / Pin Switches

    Car Security:
    Basic Connections (inputs)
    Basic Connections (outputs)
    Car Alarm Modules
    Car Alarm Sensors / Triggers
    Door Locks
    Light Flash / Illuminated Entry
    Starter Interrupts
    Accessories & Add-ons
    the12volt's Application Guide
    the12volt's Install Bay





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    BasicsCar AudioCar SecurityCruise ControlsDiodesDoor LocksOhm's LawPassive CrossoversRelaysResistorsSubwoofer Enclosures Search
    the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
    the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
    the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
    Application GuideCalculators, Charts, DiagramsDownloads/ManualsFind InstallersForumsGlossarySubwoofer WiringToolsVehicle Wiring Recent Topics
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