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Relays / Special Applications

Relay Diagrams, Special Applications:
Basic Remote Start Relay Diagram
Connecting Additional Devices to Remote Turn On Wire
Constant to Momentary Output
Latched On/Off Output Using a Single Momentary Pulse
Momentary to Constant Output
One Channel to Multiple Outputs
Pulsed to Steady Output
Radio On Until Door Opened (Retained Accessory Power)
Single Pulse to Lock and Unlock
Stereo to Bridged Mono Switched Outputs
Switching from Series to Parallel and Back
Switching from Stereo to Bridged Mono and Series to Parallel and Back
 
Relay Diagrams:
Converting Polarity
Starter Interrupts
Door Locks
Illuminated Entry & Light Flash
Special Applications
Relay Diagrams - Quick Reference
Car Security:
Basic Connections
Car Alarm Modules
Car Alarm Sensors / Triggers
Light Flash / Illuminated Entry
Starter Interrupts
Accessories & Add-ons


top of page Constant to Momentary Output (link)
The capacitor allows the coil of the relay to be energized until the capacitor stores a charge, thus de-energizing the coil. The resistor bleeds off the charge of the capacitor when positive voltage is removed from the other side of the coil. You can increase the output time by simply changing the value of the capacitor. This one will give you about a 1/2 second output.
 
Constant to Momentary 12v(+) Output Relay Diagram
 

top of page Momentary to Constant Output (link)
Once activated by the relay on the left, the relay's coil on the right will stay energized until either ground or 12v(+) is removed. You can do this with another relay. Or try connecting to a 12v(+) switched source instead of a constant one. Or you can have a door trigger activate a relay to break continuity. The variations are practically endless.
 
Momentary to Constant 12v(+) Output Relay Diagram
 

top of page Pulsed to Steady Output (link)
If you have cornering lights and want them to come on only when your turn signal is on and you do not have a steady output, use the following for each side. This will give you a steady output while the turn signal is on. Increasing the size of the capacitor will give you a longer output if needed.
 
Pulsed to Steady Output Relay Diagram
 

top of page Latched On/Off Output Using a Single Momentary Pulse (link)
Similar to the momentary to constant configuration above, we can engage and disengage the latched output with a single pulse from a switch or an output from an alarm or remote keyless entry. The first pulse from the switch will engage the latch. The next pulse from the switch will disengage the latch.
 
Latched Output Using a Single Pulse

Here's the same configuration as the one above that you can use if you do not have any *diodes available and/or only want to use SPDT relays. A negative output from an alarm, remote keyless entry, or other device can be used in place of the switch shown in both of these diagrams.
 
Latched On/Off Output Using a Single Momentary Pulse
 

top of page Connecting Additional Devices to the Remote Turn On Wire (link)
Using a 30 amp SPDT relay, connect terminal #87 to constant 12 volts positive with a fuse rated to the sum of the additional accessories you've added and the components you need to turn on. (If you have two fans rated at 5 amps each and a neon light rated at 10 amps, you would use a 20 amp fuse plus 200 ma for each amplifier and processor.) Connect terminal #85 to ground, terminal #86 to the remote turn on wire from the head unit, and terminal #30 to each accessory with an appropriate fuse. A fuse (not shown) could also be used between the output of the relay (#30) and the remote turn on wire of the amplifiers and/or processors for extra precaution.
 
Connecting Additional Devices to the Remote Turn On Wire Diagram
 

top of page Stereo to Bridged Mono Switched Outputs (link)
If your amplifier is capable of running in dual mode or mono, and is configured to run mono by using the left channel positive and the right channel negative outputs, then the diagram to switch between stereo and mono to the same pair of speakers (mostly woofers) is as shown below. Remember this will decrease the impedance by 1/2 and in theory double the power output of the amplifier. Be sure to check the specifications of your amplifier first.
 
Stereo to Bridged Mono Relay Diagram
 

top of page Switching from Series to Parallel and Back (link)
When the relays are at rest (normally closed position) the woofer coils are wired in series. When ground is applied to each coil (energizing the relay coils), the voice coils are wired in parallel. With 2 four ohm voice coils you'll have an 8 ohm load at rest and a 2 ohm load when the relay coils are energized.

For each dual voice coil woofer that you want to change from series to parallel, you'll need two relays for each. They can all be controlled from the same switch.
 
Switching from Series to Parallel and Back via Relays

top of page Switching from Stereo to Bridged Mono and Series to Parallel (link)
Combining the two configurations above with 4 woofers or 2 DVC woofers, you can change from stereo to mono and from series to parallel. Switch A (-) is to switch between series and parallel. Switch B (-) is to switch between stereo and mono. With both switches off, the amp is wired in stereo and each pair of woofers, top and bottom, are wired in series. *If your amplifier configuration for stereo and mono are different than shown, this obviously will not work. Be sure to check the specifications of your amplifier first.
 
Switching from Stereo to Bridged Mono and Series to Parallel via Relays

top of page One Channel to Multiple Outputs (link)
You can add multiple functions to an AUX output of an alarm or keyless entry by adding a relay in series with the output wire as shown to any switch or accessory with an output. Only one output can be active at anytime, the one first in the chain (bottom relay in diagram) will have priority, so if you wanted to have the ignition from the key to have priority over the ignition from the remote start, you would connect it to the first relay and the output of the remote start to the next and so on. Also pay attention to the top relay shown. Terminal #87a (the default output) will be active only when none of the coils of the relays are energized. There are many other accessories that can be used with this, including the remote turn on wire and/or power antenna wire of your head unit.
 
One Channel to Four Outputs
 

top of page Radio On Until Door Opened (Retained Accessory Power) (link)
If you wish to keep the radio (or any other device that is powered by an accessory circuit) on until a door is opened, you can do so by creating a latch when the accessory is turned on with the relay shown below on the left, then breaking ground to the latch when a door is opened as shown with the relay below on the right. While this will keep the radio on, the entire accessory circuit will see 12V+ until a door is opened with the key in the off position.
 
Radio On Until Door Opened

If you want to prevent 12V+ from feeding back into the accessory circuit or have more than one device on this circuit and do not want all of them to stay powered, you can isolate the device you want to stay powered by cutting the accessory wire going to it and adding two 1 amp diodes and an additional relay as shown below. The first diode near the top left of the diagram is to prevent 12V+ from going back into the accessory circuit. The second diode between terminals 87 and 86 prevents the radio from pulling current through the first diode. If the second diode is not in place, the first diode will become toast. The additional relay is needed to prevent the radio from turning off when the key is in the accessory position and a door is open.
 
Radio On Until Door Opened

Below is the same set up as above for positive door triggers.
Radio On Until Door Opened
 

top of page Single Pulse to Lock and Unlock (link)
Using a mechanical latching relay like the PCB latching relay pictured below on the left, you can use a single negative output to alternately lock and unlock the doors. The mechanical latching relay only requires it's coil to be momentarily energized to change and maintain the opening or closing of it's contacts. The SPDT relay will provide a dedicated negative output for lock when the coil is energized and a dedicated output for unlock when it is not energized.
 

Mechanical Latching Relay
       Single Pulse Push Button Door Locks
 

top of page Basic Remote Start Relay Diagram (link)
DO NOT INSTALL this or any other remote start system in a vehicle with a STANDARD TRANSMISSION. The consequences should be obvious. Below is a basic relay remote start system. It is not shown with any inhibits, nor a single trigger to activate and deactivate it, and does not have "rev protection". You are much better off with a system you can purchase from a local dealer or retailer. They include many important safety features and come with a warranty, unlike the one below. But if you must make one from relays, here are the basics (shown below without the diodes across the coils). You will have to customize this to work with the vehicle you plan to install it into. Make note of each wire's function in the harness connected to the back of the ignition switch. You will have to duplicate these in order to have a successful installation. Only advanced installers should attempt this. I have made several of these and they are still on the road today. I included timers and inhibits in them to perform the same as a manufacturer's piece. But I still prefer to use theirs. It takes less time to install from start to finish and theirs are a whole lot smaller.
 
Basic Remote Start Relay Diagram
 


Special Applications:
Basic Remote Start Relay Diagram
Connecting Additional Devices to Remote Turn On Wire
Constant to Momentary Output
Latched On/Off Output Using a Single Momentary Pulse
Momentary to Constant Output
One Channel to Multiple Outputs
Pulsed to Steady Output
Radio On Until Door Opened (Retained Accessory Power)
Single Pulse to Lock and Unlock
Stereo to Bridged Mono Switched Outputs
Switching from Series to Parallel and Back
Switching from Stereo to Bridged Mono and Series to Parallel and Back
 
Relays:
Converting Polarity
Starter Interrupts
Door Locks
Illuminated Entry & Light Flash
Special Applications
Relay Diagrams - Quick Reference
Car Security:
Basic Connections
Car Alarm Modules
Car Alarm Sensors / Triggers
Light Flash / Illuminated Entry
Starter Interrupts
Accessories & Add-ons





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BasicsCar AudioCar SecurityCruise ControlsDiodesDoor LocksOhm's LawPassive CrossoversRelaysResistorsSubwoofer Enclosures Search
the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
the12volt.com - Free Technical Information for Mobile Electronics Installers
Application GuideCalculators, Charts, DiagramsDownloads/ManualsFind InstallersForumsGlossarySubwoofer WiringToolsVehicle Wiring Recent Topics
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