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Using a Transistor to Switch LEDs


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zain5505 
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Location: Texas, United States
Posted: September 21, 2020 at 5:06 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote zain5505
Hey, new here but have exhausted all searches on this forum regarding this topic. I have a low voltage signal from a dimming dome light that I wanted to use to trigger a 12v relay and power some leds to be in sync with the dome/courtesy lights. The problem is that it does not have enough juice to trigger the relay, it just chatters. I've tried a couple different relays.
Instead, I picked up a TIP120 NPN transistor to use as a switch with the low voltage signal. Plan is to connect the collector to ground, base to resistor to signal wire, and emitter to ground of leds. Does this sound right? I also have no idea what resistor to use and need some advice on that.
Thanks in advance, this is totally new to me so I am learning as I goUsing a Transistor to Switch LEDs -- posted image.
i am an idiot 
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Posted: September 21, 2020 at 7:17 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote i am an idiot
Which voltage switches on the domelight? If it is the negative that switches, negative wire of domelight directly to the base of your transistor. No resistor needed.
zain5505 
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Posted: September 21, 2020 at 7:26 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote zain5505
+ , It reads a little under 5 volts. Thanks!
i am an idiot 
Platinum - Posts: 13,366
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Posted: September 21, 2020 at 9:43 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote i am an idiot
What is the year make and model of this vehicle?
zain5505 
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Posted: September 22, 2020 at 6:16 AM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote zain5505
2016 dodge challenger
zain5505 
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Posted: September 22, 2020 at 4:40 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote zain5505
i am an idiot wrote:
What is the year make and model of this vehicle?
Sorry, forgot to add your quote. 2016 Dodge Challenger. To be a little more specific, I tapped the positive lead for the courtesy LED in the footwell because it was easiest to get to and it functions with the dome light.
i am an idiot 
Platinum - Posts: 13,366
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Location: Louisiana, United States
Posted: September 22, 2020 at 7:31 PM / IP Logged Link to Post Post Reply Quote i am an idiot
You will need a pnp transistor. positive trigger wire from domelight to base. positive 12v to Collector. Emitter to positive of LED strip via a resistor. Start with 1000 ohm resistor.   
What is the operating voltage and current requirement of the LED strip?

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