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capacitor value for latching relay?


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98 Snake Eater 
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Posted: December 07, 2010 at 8:54 AM / IP Logged  
In the past, I've always used a prebuilt latching relays from DEI whenever I needed one for an install, but since I have a ton of SPDT relays laying around, I figure I'd try making one for a change....
I'm basically looking to trigger a relay with a momentary pulse and have it remain latched until I turn the ignition off.
I figure this wiring diagram on page 5 is just what I need....
https://www.the12volt.com/relays/page5.asp#mtc
However, I'm a little lost when if comes to capacitor values....
In this case, what should it be?
Rick
i am an idiot 
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Posted: December 07, 2010 at 1:55 PM / IP Logged  
There is no capacitor on that diagram.  There is a Diode, which a 1N400X would be fine.  X = any number from 1 to 7
98 Snake Eater 
Member - Posts: 12
Member spacespace
Joined: May 20, 2003
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Posted: December 07, 2010 at 2:06 PM / IP Logged  
i am an idiot wrote:
There is no capacitor on that diagram.  There is a Diode, which a 1N400X would be fine.  X = any number from 1 to 7
DOH!!!
I guess I can live up to your name lol
Not sure why I typed out cap??
Thanx for the info
oldspark 
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Gold spacespace
Joined: November 03, 2008
Location: Australia
Posted: December 07, 2010 at 7:23 PM / IP Logged  
Nick off - I'm next in line for THAT name!
FYI - and it's not a good diagram (but it's public for now), but as a basis for a latching relay...
capacitor value for latching relay? -- posted image.
The diodes are only there to prevent cross connection via the switch(s).
The NC switch on the RHS "feedback" link isn't shown - ie, break this link by opening some contact to release the relay - or cut off its main/heavy +12V supply.
The +12V are shown separately to emphasis that they can be independent supplies. Often they are the same supply.
I use the same single SPST relay config for hi/lo water regulation; to latch car loads - often with a low-voltage switch (MW728 etc) in the "feedback" side (to unlatch with low battery voltage).
98 Snake Eater 
Member - Posts: 12
Member spacespace
Joined: May 20, 2003
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Posted: December 08, 2010 at 12:43 PM / IP Logged  
OK, after picking up a set of diodes, I wired up the relays and then realized it needs a negative pulse....
Is there a way I can wire it up to trigger on a positive pulse without using a 3rd relay?
i am an idiot 
Platinum - Posts: 13,369
Platinum spaceThis member consistently provides reliable informationspace
Joined: September 21, 2006
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Posted: December 08, 2010 at 1:57 PM / IP Logged  

I see no way other than with a third relay.

capacitor value for latching relay? -- posted image.

98 Snake Eater 
Member - Posts: 12
Member spacespace
Joined: May 20, 2003
Location: United States
Posted: December 08, 2010 at 2:31 PM / IP Logged  
i am an idiot wrote:

I see no way other than with a third relay.

<IMG alt="Momentary to Constant 12v+ Output Relay Diagram" src="https://www.the12volt.com/12voltimages/momentconstant.gif">

No problemo
I mocked up a couple of relays and it works fine with the negative pulse trigger, but I also tried it without the diode and it still works the same capacitor value for latching relay? -- posted image.
oldspark 
Gold - Posts: 4,913
Gold spacespace
Joined: November 03, 2008
Location: Australia
Posted: December 08, 2010 at 3:43 PM / IP Logged  
You REMOVE a relay!
In that 2 relay (negative) Momentary to Constant Output diagram, the RHS relay is identical to my diagram except that the LHS relay is the NO switch.
[ Hence why is says "Or try connecting to a 12v(+) switched source instead of a constant one." - though I assume this isn't obvious? ]   
To convert to positive trigger as per my diagram (and using normal +ve to 86 convention), connect #85 to ground, #87 via diode to #86, and the +12V input via a diode also to #86.
If the trigger can power the load, the diodes can be omitted - ie, connect the output #87 and the trigger to #86.
The trigger might be a switch from the fused +12V (#30).
If this isn't clear, I can get a better diagram to my earlier.
I can also draw a (corrected) version of Momentary to Constant Output for +12V trigger.
The diode shown in Momentary to Constant Output is not required per se - it is only for spike suppression (from the LHS relay).
Strictly speaking, both coils are shown with inverted polarity - terminals 65 & 86 should be swapped in case internal-diode relays are used (though I recommend external diodes as shown on the LHS relay in Momentary to Constant Output).
The is an example of why I dislike the physical diagrams like Momentary to Constant Output - IMO it is too difficult to see or understand what is happening.
You may be used to them, but I prefer (or need?) the functional diagrams. (I can then merely assign the numbers - even though in practice I use the schematic supplied on the relay - though I do know which are the (un-polarised) coil and the heavy contacts. The actual numbers tend to be irrelevant.)
oldspark 
Gold - Posts: 4,913
Gold spacespace
Joined: November 03, 2008
Location: Australia
Posted: December 09, 2010 at 8:26 AM / IP Logged  
I couldn't resist....
For you:
capacitor value for latching relay? -- posted image.
For me:
capacitor value for latching relay? -- posted image.
i am an idiot 
Platinum - Posts: 13,369
Platinum spaceThis member consistently provides reliable informationspace
Joined: September 21, 2006
Location: Louisiana, United States
Posted: December 09, 2010 at 8:40 AM / IP Logged  
The top switch of the top diagram is not needed.  If you use an ignition feed for the wire labeled Fused 12v, it will work just as you desire.   You do need the diodes, but not the top switch.
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